The first tennis balls were made of cloth, which kids playing in the streets would cut up and spread out on the sidewalks. It’s been a while since they were actually white, but there are still plenty of changes to talk about when it comes to tennis balls!

The Origins of Tennis Balls

The game of tennis is believed to have originated in the 12th century, and the first known tennis ball was used in France in the early 1400s. The ball was made of leather and filled with hair, wool, or cork. It wasn’t until the late 1800s that rubber became the material of choice for tennis balls.

Today, tennis balls are made of rubber compounding, felt, and other materials. They are designed to meet specific requirements for bounce, spin, and durability. And while they may not look like much, these little balls have come a long way over the centuries.

The modern tennis ball is made from rubber and has a felt exterior, but it is much more advanced than those first balls used in the 1300s. Let’s take a look at how the design of tennis balls has evolved over the centuries:

Early Balls (1400s-1800s): First tennis ball designs were round. The game was played on grass courts, so these early balls fared well on such surfaces. They had to be hand sewn, however, and were often not uniform in size. And because they were filled with hair and wool, they were vulnerable to moisture which could cause them to lose their shape after being hit repeatedly by a player.

How Tennis Balls have Gotten Better

Tennis balls have come a long way since they were first introduced in the late 1800s. The original balls were made of cloth-covered rubber and weighed about 2.7 ounces. They were not very bouncy and often went flat quickly.

Today’s tennis balls are made of synthetic rubber, felt, and other materials. They weigh about 2 ounces and are much more bouncy than the original balls. They also have a longer shelf life, so you can keep them for longer without worry about them going flat.

It is amazing to see how they have evolved and how much better they are now than when they were first introduced.

What Materials are Tennis Balls Made From?

As we discussed the material of tennis balls have changed a lot which has equally changed the dynamics of the balls. The balls introduced after cloth-covered rubber of 1800 were made entirely of solid rubber, which made them very bouncy. They were also very heavy, which made them difficult to hit.

The first major change to tennis balls came in the late 1800s, when vulcanized rubber was introduced. This made the balls much more durable and allowed them to bounce higher. In addition, this new material made the balls much lighter, which made them easier to hit.

Today, most tennis balls are made of synthetic rubber or a synthetic polymer called nylon. These materials are very strong and durable, and they allow the balls to bounce very high. In addition, they are very light, so they can be hit with great speed and accuracy. And the best of the modern tennis balls are of course the Penn Championship Tennis balls, check them from the following link.


Who would have thought that something as simple as a tennis ball could have such a fascinating history? It’s amazing to think about how much the game of tennis has changed over the years, and how different the sport would be if it weren’t for some key inventions, like the tennis ball. The next time you’re out on the court, take a moment to appreciate all that went into making that little green ball — it’s pretty wild!